The basics

The basics

Area 27.163.977 sq km
Population 30,770375 (2014)
Density of population 15.3%


Main cities Riyadh
(The capital)
(The most sacred place to Muslims, and their praying direction)
Al Madinah
(Second most sacred place)
(Saudi capital of business, an important port, and a major gateway to pilgrims) .
(Capital of Eastern region, well-off oil, and an important port) .
(A military city, the location of Saudi Aramco`s headquarter which the largest oil company in the world .
(Capital of Northern region)
Overview of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia is located in the South-west of Asia.
Bounded by the red sea from the west. Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait from the North. Arabian Gulf, Bahrain, Qatar, and United Emirates from the East. Yemen and Oman from the South.
Climate Continental weather
Summer : very hot
Winter : cold
Judicial law The constitution of Saudi Arabia is Quran and Sunnah, all legislative regulations have been derived from these two sources. The regime in Saudi Arabia is a monarchy system.
Language Arabic
Currency Saudi Riyal
National day 23rd, September. (1932 A.D)
Symbol Two crossed curved swords which symbolize strength and justice. A palm tree on the top symbolizes prosperity.
Timing GMT + 3:00
Internet code sa
Phone code 00966

Saudi Arabia follows the Muslims Hijra calendar, which is the day when Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon him) migrated from Makkah to Al Madinah corresponding to 622 A.D . Hijra year has 12 months. However, it's ten or eleven days less than the calendar year.

In the hijra calendar, the month ranges between 29 to 30 days .

Working days

Sunday to Thursday (Regarding to public sector).

Public Sector:
7:30 a.m to 2:30 p.m

Private Sector:
Morning: 8:00a.m to 12 p.m
Afternoon: 4:30 p.m to 7:30 p.m

Saturday: (morning shift only)
9:30 a.m to 4:30 p.m

Shopping Stores
Weekdays: 10:00 a.m to 12:00 p.m
Friday:4:00 p.m to 10 p.m

Weekends  Friday - Saturday

Official holidays


Eid Al Fitter : 25th Ramadan to 5th Shawwal

                     12 July  - 21 July  

National Day : 23 Sep

Eid Al Adha : 7th Thi Alhijja to 15 Thi Alhijja

                     20 Oct- 28, Oct

Measurements and weights

Weights: Ton – Kilogram
Measurements: Meter – kilometer – centimeter